By Ibrahim Abu Khalid
The world of the Jinn has been a fascination for Mankind for centuries. This curiosity and lack of insight into the role of the Jinn has to a large extent been the demise of many nations, who have taken to their worship and been fooled by their tricks. Knowledge of the Jinn can serve three prime objectives:
• Strengthen our Iman by knowing of the other creation which will be judged like we will on the Day of Resurrection.
• Guard ourselves from the ignorance which has spread in the Muslim community with regards to the Jinn and hence from any harm or Shirk which may result.
• Have the knowledge of what to do in cases where the Jinn has possessed the body of a Muslim.
HISTORY OF THE JINN
The Jinn were created before Man from a flame of fire. Their composition however is not similar to a flame of fire, just as Man's composition is not similar to clay. The Jinn were created in order to worship Allah, and like Mankind, was given the intellect of choice. They were on the earth two thousand years before the creation of Adam (AS), as reported by Tafsir Ibn Kathir.
Some people hold the opinion that Iblis used to be an angel until he disobeyed Allah's command to prostrate before Adam, based upon the following ayah:
"And (remember) when We said to the angels 'Prostrate yourselves before Adam.' And they prostrated except Iblis, he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers” (2: 34).
This belief however is incorrect, and could originate from Biblical sources, who believe that Satan was an angel. The following verse clearly states that Iblis was a separate creation form the angels:
"And when We told the angels, 'Prostrate to Adam,' they prostrated, except Iblis. He was one of the Jinn..." [18: 50].
Iblis enjoyed the pleasures of paradise until he was tested with the creation of Adam (AS). Ordered to prostrate before him, Iblis couldn't withhold his pride and disbelief in having to prostrate before a creation which appeared to him to be weak. Thereafter, Iblis and his army have been on a continuous mission of sending mankind astray.
It is a mission which will only end when the world ends.
Ibn Mas'ood (R) said: "The Messenger of Allah drew a line for us and then said: 'This is the straight path of Allah.' And he drew lines on the left and the right of it, and then said: 'These are paths of which there is not one except that there is a devil upon it calling towards it.' Then he recited the statement of Allah:
‘And verily, this is the straight path, so follow it, and do not follow (other) paths for they will separate you away from His path.’"
JINN AND MANKIND
The Jinn live among us and interact with us everyday of our lives in some way. There are Muslims among the Jinn, as well as Christians, Jews, Buddhists, and atheists. They eat and drink, have families, live and die. They can take the us through:
•Dreams: the jinn will attempt to lead us astray through our dreams, or instill fear in the hearts of Muslims. There are many who claim to have seen a dream where some well-known person has told them to establish a new sect, or to worship some being. The Jinn can take the form of such persons in these dreams, thereby misleading them.
• Homes: the Jinn may live and eat between us when we don't pronounce the Name of Allah when entering our houses and eating our food.
• Birth: every person at birth is assigned with a Qareen, or Jinn companion, who will remain with us until death and continually try to lead us astray in every way possible. At times our Qareen will be so close to us he will be traveling in our blood, and at other times, whilst we are remembering Allah, he will be at a distance.
The Prophet (SAW) has also said that "Satan pricks with his finger every new-born child of Adam's descendants. They all begin screaming Satan's jab, except Mariam and her son Isa (A)." [Sahih Bukhari]
• Sickness: the jinn will cause harm to humans by way of plague, vaginal bleeding, and other types of physical harm. Abdullah bin Mas'ud once saw a necklace tied around his wife's neck, and asked what it was. "It is a cord in which a spell has been placed to help me," she replied, upon which he snatched it from her neck and said "Surely, the family of Abdullah has no need for Shirk! I heard Allah's messenger say 'Verily, spells, talismans and charms are Shirk.'" His wife protested, saying her eye used to discharge, however upon using the spell it stopped. Abdullah replied "Verily, it was devil prodding it with his hand, so when you had it bewitched, he stopped."
• Death: the Jinn will attempt to place doubt and disbelief in the heart of the Muslim during their time of death. In this regard, the Prophet (SAW) used to seek refuge from fumbling during the time of death.
Humans should have no interaction with the Jinn. We do not seek their help, nor try to pry into their world. We have been taught how to deal with Jinn if we confront them, but we have not been told to intentionally deal with them, and those who do intentionally deal with the Jinn inevitably harm themselves spiritually and physically.
The use of magic has been in existence for centuries, and is still in use today. Its existence is substantiated by the Quran in the story of the two angels Harut and Marut:
"They followed what the devils gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman. Sulaiman not disbelieve, but the devils disbelieved, leaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)". And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave. And they learnt that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew" [2: 102].
People use magic for selfish purposes. It is usually used to harm others out of jealousy, revenge or pure evil. Magic works through the use of Jinn, who will carry out the wishes of the magician, although at a price. The Jinn will require the person to commit Kufr before helping him. The forbiddance of the use of magic is therefore clear and in-debatable. There is no such thing as "white" or "black" magic - it is all evil and it is all forbidden. The only way to cure magic is through the Quran and the practices of the Prophet (SAW), not through magic. Using magic to remove magic is to use the Jinn to remove the evil workings of other Jinn. This is forbidden because interaction with the Jinn is forbidden in the first place.
POSSESSION AND EXORCISM
The possession of a human by the Jinn is real. In his commentary of the verse: "Those who devour interest rise up like men stumbling from Satan's touch" [2:275], Al Qurtubi said: "This verse contains proof of the incorrectness of those who deny possession by way of the Jinn, claiming that it is the result of natural causes, as well as those who claim that Satan does not enter humans nor does he touch them." [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]
The Jinn can possess a human for various reasons, including:
• Revenge: a human can injure a Jinn inadvertently, by spilling hot water on it, sitting on it etc. A Jinn will possess a human out of revenge for harming it or its children.
• Magic: a human can use magic to cause the possession of a person. The person doing the magic could be someone who is paid to fulfill such an evil request, or could be out of jealousy or evil malice.
• Love: since the Jinn can see us, they may fall in love with those among mankind. Possession out of lust is commonplace and the Jinn may have no intention of harming the person but only seeks to be closer to the Human and guard him/her from any potential human spouse. They may also see someone who is lonely and will possess the human to console him/her.
• Evil: just like there are humans who commit crimes not out of necessity but pure evil, the same characteristics exist among the Jinn.
SYMPTOMS OF A POSSESSED PERSON
Being able to tell whether a person is possessed depends on numerous factors. A possessed person will generally tend to have one or more of the following features:
Blood-shot eyes… unable to listen to Quran or pray… has multiple personalities… sees nightmares on a continual basis… communicates with the Jinn… talks to himself/herself… sudden possession of a great amount of knowledge and foreign languages… change in voice…abnormal strength.
Once a person has been confirmed to be possessed, it becomes a Fard Kifayah obligation to remove the Jinn. If a person fulfils this obligation, then the community is absolved from sin, however if no one helps the possessed, the whole community will be blameworthy. This is because helping an oppressed Muslim is obligatory, and a possessed Muslim is being oppressed by the Jinn.
Removal of the Jinn does not require a special qualification. Some individuals parade themselves as exorcists and receive a healthy reward, even though any Muslim can accomplish this task, given that he acquires the basic yet necessary aspects of this knowledge. Allah has not given us a disease without a cure, and He has given us a status above the Jinn. The Jinn cannot hurt us without the Will of Allah, and when a Muslim practices Islam and guards his daily Dhikr, he guards himself from the evil of the Jinn.
We can only exorcise a person using the methods used by our Prophet (SAW), since these methods are proven and will keep us from going astray through the use of other methods which may incorporate Shirk.
The following are ways used to cure the possessed:
• Recital of Fatiha, Ayat-ul Kursi, al-Falaq, an-Nas specifically, and other verses of the. Our'an in general.
• Beating: a possessed person should only be beaten when it is confirmed that he/she is possessed, and then only by those who are experienced. The Jinn can sometimes choose to manifest itself and then hide again, and if the possessed is hit when the Jinn is in hiding, then the possessed will be hurt.
• Recital of verses of the Quran (mentioned above) over water and blowing three times in the water, then giving it to the afflicted person to drink.
When the Jinn manifests itself, you can communicate with it only to the extent that you exhort it to leave. Asking the Jinn about matters of the past or future, on details about its world etc. are forbidden. The Jinn are notorious for lying and cannot be believed in any case.
The Jinn should be reminded that it is committing an oppression by possessing the person, and commanded to leave in a way which would not hurt the person (exit places from the smallest toe or little finger are usually preferred).
It is preferable for more than one person to perform the exorcism, as one person may be tired from the process, and will also give him/her support.
After the Jinn has left, the person should be guided to the practices of Islam in its entirety. We can all protect ourselves from the malice of the Jinn through increasing our worship and deeds, specifically:
• Dhikr of the morning and evening. These are specific supplications which the Prophet (s.a.w) used to recite after Fajr and Asr everyday. Their recitation will be sufficient to protect Allah's servant.
• Qur'an, notably Ayat ul Kursi, Surat Baqarah and Aal Imran.
• Seeking refuge in Allah and knowing the appropriate supplications for each occasion, e.g. when entering the toilet, on travel etc.
Some people will see a Priest exorcise a person with apparent success, and wonder as to how this can occur. What should be kept in mind is that the Jinn will try everything to lead Mankind astray, and deception is one if their favourite tools. Whilst the bystanders will believe that the person is cured through the person exorcising, and hence that religion is correct, in reality they have been duped. Either the person wasn't exorcised, and the Jinn remained dormant, or the Jinn left not because of the ritual, but because his mission was accomplished, namely to lead people to believe, that there is a religion other than Islam which is correct.
Iblis said: "See this one whom You haw honoured above me, if You give me respite to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring all but a few!” [17: 62]
Allah SWT has said “Verily My slaves - you have no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian [17: 65]